How WIFI works

Before we discuss the process of wireless data transmission (how Wi-Fi Works), let’s first understand how the RF signals work. The transmitter produces radio waves and modulates them with information. The waves then move to the device called a receiver, where a demodulator separates the digital wave from the analog carrier wave. Then, the demodulator converts the wave back into ones and zeros. During the transmission, the radio waves lose their intensity with distance, which means that the signal must be of a certain strength before the receiver can remove the data wave.

Radio waves

The process by which wireless networks work involves the use of radio waves. While these waves carry information, they encounter a variety of obstructions that can interfere with their range and performance. As a result, they are subject to various regulatory rules. Fortunately, understanding the fundamentals of radio waves will help you understand more about how wireless networks work. Here are a few of the most common obstructions that interfere with the transmission of wireless signals.

The 2.4GHz frequency band is used in many household and medical applications, such as Wi-Fi. While the radiation emitted by Wi-Fi equipment is much lower than that of a microwave oven, it cannot have the same effect on the human body. Wi-Fi is a radio communication technology that enables the creation of local broadband wireless networks. The range of Wi-Fi is between 20 and 50 metres indoors and 100 metres outdoors.

The wavelength of radio waves allows them to travel through solid objects. For this reason, visible light cannot penetrate walls, but Wi-Fi signals have a wavelength that allows them to travel through thick walls. They lose energy as they travel through the air. But this doesn’t mean that Wi-Fi signals can’t travel through glass. If you’re using a wireless router, you may want to keep the distance between the two devices to a minimum.


Wi-Fi antennas come in various shapes and sizes. Omnidirectional antennas spread the signal out in all directions, while Directional antennas produce a focused beam. Directional antennas are useful for point-to-point Wi-Fi links. They are also used in campus environments. You can choose any of these types depending on your requirements. Listed below are some features of each type. They will increase your Wi-Fi connection’s range.

The type of antenna you use will determine the coverage range of the signal. It is important to select the right one for your particular application. It should be adjusted for the frequency band. In general, directional antennas have smaller aperture angles and are more effective for longer ranges. While directional antennas are more expensive than non-directional ones, they offer better signal reception than their non-directional counterparts. A directional antenna must also be installed on both sides of the transmission.

A directional antenna uses nine or more dBi values to concentrate signals in specific directions. This makes the signal travel further in one direction while decreasing it in another. The more dBi values, the higher the signal focusing power. But if the directional antenna is installed on the ground, it will have a larger area where the signal is not received. So, choose your antennas accordingly.


The speed of your Wi-Fi connection is dependent on the type of router you have. Speed routers will analyze data starting at layer one. The problem with dynamic routing methods is that they incur additional networking overheads and can lead to bandwidth shortages. Routable protocols, on the other hand, assign specific IP addresses to individual devices. If you have a lot of devices that share the same network, you’ll probably want a router with a fast processor.

Before choosing a router, determine what your bandwidth needs are. If you regularly stream movies or TV shows, you’ll want to look for a router with at least 25 Mbps of speed. If you want to use your Wi-Fi for email or web surfing, choose a router with at least 15 Mbps of speed. If you work from home, get one with guest network capabilities. For larger homes, look for a router with four or more Gigabit Ethernet ports.

Besides Wi-Fi connectivity, routers also help businesses and other entities establish Wide Area Network (WAN) connections. They help internet service providers dispatch data from their sources and destinations. A good router can also serve as a firewall by limiting access to certain networks. They are used by software testers, and they can increase the range of Wi-Fi access throughout your home. Routers are available for a variety of purposes, but most commonly, a wireless router will give you more coverage than a wired one.


CSMA/CA is a protocol that governs how data packets are transmitted between devices. It is implemented to ensure that each device receives the correct information at the right time. It also prevents collisions by setting up a random timer before transmitting. The counter is used to determine the length of time between each transmission, which is also called the backoff factor. CSMA/CA is more important for wireless communication than for cabled communication.

CSMA/CA allows for a much more secure wireless network, since the network cannot be monitored as closely as a wired one. It is important to avoid collisions, as collisions can result in a doubled energy in the received signal. Using CSMA/CA can help prevent collisions and make sure that each station is fairly sharing the available channel. While wired networks can sense the potential for collision, wireless networks cannot. This problem is caused by the fact that the second transmitter may be out of range. CSMA/CA brings the backoff forward in the process to avoid collisions. This is necessary for wireless networks because the possibility of collisions is high.

CSMA/CA is the most common way to send data between devices. Its primary advantage is that it prevents collisions. Instead of sending data to a single device, two stations can send data to each other simultaneously. When the stations are within range of each other, CSMA/CA lets them recognize each other before transmitting. When a collision occurs, the sending station will stop transmitting. After the time is up, it will send data again to the receiver.


The range of Wi-Fi is dependent on several factors, including the distance from the router and the attenuation of the signal caused by obstacles indoors, such as walls and floors. In large buildings, it can be difficult to calculate the attenuation, since the signal strength varies with the thickness and material of the walls. Listed below are some tips for improving the range of WI-FI. For a good Wi-Fi signal, use a PCMCIA card.

Before buying a wireless router, make sure you know which Wi-Fi version your phone supports. It would be useless to purchase a Wi-Fi 4 router if you have an old Wi-Fi enabled phone. Google this information to find out. Alternatively, check the specs of your device. This process applies to both iOS and Android devices. You can use the same process to determine which router is compatible with your device.

The Range of WI-FI is a crucial factor in successful wireless network deployment. Its range depends on its radio power output, frequency band, and antenna type. A line of sight guide is just a thumbnail guide, and reflection can be a significant factor. For this reason, the longer the range, the better. However, remember that a Wi-Fi router that can support more devices is better. This will enable you to increase the range.

Energy consumption

Your Wi-Fi router is connected to the main power supply at all times, so it’s probably consuming more energy than you think. To reduce your energy consumption, try lowering the transmission power of your router. This can save you about 30% of the power your Wi-Fi router consumes. You should also check your Wi-Fi router’s reception, so you can lower the transmission power if needed. Until you’re sure your area is getting good Wi-Fi reception, lower the transmission power.

Your Wi-Fi router’s power consumption is measured in kilowatt-hours (kWh), which is the same unit that your electric bill uses. In general, most power-hungry devices consume more than 18 watts from a power socket. In determining the amount of power your router uses, check its manual for instructions. Most of them have a power indicator. You can set it to “auto-off” to save power when not in use.

Wi-Fi network energy consumption depends on the topology of the network and traffic. If possible, choose the most efficient protocol for your network. Each time you communicate with your server, your device is incurring overhead. This can vary from ten to 100 ms. The more efficient your protocol, the less energy your device will use. Ultimately, it’s important to optimize your Wi-Fi network to reduce energy consumption.

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